Naive Realism. I naively believe that I experience the world as it truly is

  • There exist three views on reality.
    • Direct realism, which derives knowledge of reality from perceptual experiences. But there is a great debate about whether one is perceptually aware of what one knows non-inferentially concerning experiences. Or we can go even further and claim that one is aware of the beliefs one has based on his experiences.
    • Representationalists believe that all perceptual experiences can be analyzed, including illusions, hallucinations, and mental constructs.
      • They believe that perceptual experiences can be analyzed as having intentionality.
      • At some point, John Searle proposed that visual experiences are as much directed at or of the object and states of affairs in the world as any other paradigm intentional states, such as beliefs, fear, or desire. The visual experiences simply have conditions of satisfaction in exactly the same sense that beliefs and desires have conditions of satisfaction.
      • What he really means is that our experience is not only formed because of some facts but also because of our disposition towards them.
        • As [[The Poverty of Historicism — Karl Popper#^84b945|Karl Popper]] famously said about social experiments, the moment the idea of the experiment is conceived, it has already changed.
      • Part of the experience of the world is non-representative. Certain properties are even impossible to comprehend.
        • Like the state of mind of a person reaching a decision. We can read whatever we want from the biographies of prominent characters, but we can never understand them fully. It is safe to say that understanding on any level is close to impossible.
        • The decisions they make, to solve the problem, are in a unique combination that is untransferable in any form of interaction.
        • And the path one takes will differ from one perceiver to another. Two people will not have exactly the same image or experience of the same event or person.
    • To this, Naive realists respond with a solution of their own. They propose that experience happens at the connection of three elements of the phenomenon:
      • A subject.
      • An object.
      • And a point of view.
    • This last point clarifies the majority of misunderstandings that might arise from miscommunication.
      • Depending on the properties a perceiver understands, sees, and experiences, determines his level of comprehension of the phenomenon, fact, or in some cases, the text and information.
      • Given this idea, naive realists take into account not only the properties of the object but also the properties of the agent and might explain how the observed thing is comprehended.

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